Excerpt from Section VII
Goddesses of the Hours of the Day
11 p.m. to Midnight
THCESER-SHETAT. (Budge, Gods of Egy. Vol. II
p. 301) “Goddesses and Gods of the Twelve Hours of the Night. Goddesses … Hour VI. Tcheser-Shetat”.
(Budge, id. Vol. I.
p. 189) résumé of Book of Pylons)
“The name of the pylon of the
Sixth Division or the Sixth Hour is Nebt-aha,
the guardian to the entrance to the corridor is Maa-ab, ‘Right of
and he who is at the end is Sheta-ab, ‘Secret
Heart’ … We must note in passing the position of the Sixth
Division of the Tuat. Assuming that the Tuat
was regarded as a nearly circular valley which curved round from the
the sun set, to the North, and curved round
from the West, where the sun set, to the North, and curved round from
to the East, where the sun rose, it follows
if all the twelve divisions of the Tuat be equal in length, that the
would be very near the most northerly part of
the Tuat. And this is exactly where it was intended to be … Ra, having
arrived at the North of the Tuat, must now
make his way to the East”.
THE LADY OF THE BOAT; THE LADY OF THE ABYSS; AMENT-SEMU-SET; ANTHETH, HENHENITH, HEMT and SEHITH;
AST-AMHIT; ISIS. (Budge, id. p. 224, résumé of Book of Underworld) “The sixth
Hour … is called Mesperit-arat-Maatu … The description text
says, ‘When this great god arriveth at the
abyss of water, which is the lady of the gods of the Tuat, he holdeth
with the gods that are there … The name of
the pylon of this city is Sept-metu. The hidden path of Amentet, on the
stream of which this great god journeyed in
his boat … and the hidden similitude of the Tuat, are unknown’ …
illustrated edition of the Sixth Hour shows as that
Ra … is once again in his old boat and
sailing over the waters of the stream of the Tuat. In front of his boat
… 2. The goddess Ament-seum-set. Beyond these
is a large house with sixteen divisions … On the left hand side
of the boat … [are] the goddesses Antheth,
Henhenith, Hemt and Sehith”. Other named goddesses in this Hour are
Ast-amhit and Isis. Both these, like the last
four mentioned above, are shown sitting on invisible thrones.
Colchian: MEDEA. Graeco-Roman: NYX, NOX, Night; HECATE; SELENE, LUNA, The Moon; GAIA, TELLUS,
The Earth; The Deities of the Groves, and of Night. (Ovid, Metam. VII.
“When she (i.e. Luna) shone full, and with a
compleat Disk survey’d the Earth, Medea leaves the Palace; her Garments
flowing loose, her Foot bare, and her Hair
floating careless on her Shoulders: Thus solitary and unattended, she
wandering Steps through the dreary Silence of
Midnight … The Stars alone twinkle; to these she rears her Arms …
‘O Night, (says she) faithful Confident of
these my Secrets, and ye golden Stars that with the Moon succeed to the
of the Day; and thou, too, threefold Hecate,
the Friend and Abettor of my Design; ye Charms and magick Arts, and
whom the Sorceress owes her magazine of
potent herbs; Air, Winds, Mountains, Rivers, Lakes, and all the Deities
of the Groves,
and all the Deities of Night, attend here”.
Egyptian and Roman: ISIS and PROSERINE. (Lucius Apuleius,
XVIII, p. 284, Graves’ trans.) Lucius, while awaiting his initiation
is given a vision of Isis: “I … learned to be
patient, taking part in the daily services of the temple as calmly
and quietly as I knew how, intent on pleasing
the Goddess. Nor did I have a troublesome and disappoint probation.
this she gave me proof of her grace by a
midnight vision.” (id. p. 286)
describes his initiation: “I approached the
very gates of death and set foot on Proserine’s threshold, yet was
permitted to return, rapt through all the
elements. At midnight I saw the sun shining as if it were noon; I
entered the presence
of the deities of under-world and the deities
of the upper-world, stood near and worshipped them”.
Persian: THE HOUSE-MISTRESS; THE HOLY WOMAN; ARAMAITI; THE AHURANIS. See under 6 p.m to 7 p.m.
Slavonic: ZORYA OF MIDNIGHT. (Alexinsky, New Larousse,
p. 285) on Slavonic traditions:
“A myth of a later period attributes a
special mission to the Zorya. ‘There are in the sky,’ it says, ‘three
little sisters, three little Zorya: she of
the Evening, she of Midnight, and she of Morning.” See also under Dawn.
Finnish-Esthonian: AMMARIK, The Gloaming. (Legend
of Lapland, Anna C. Brackett, cited by Muller, Intro. to Science of Rel.
387). Note: Muller writes: “Can we then doubt
… that their meeting (i.e. Ammarik with the Dawn-god Koit) in the
summer reflects those summer evenings when,
particularly in the North, the torch of the sun never seems to die, and
Gloaming is seen kissing the Dawn?” The poem
ends with the verses:
‘… Only for four times seven lengthening days,
At midnight, do they stand
while Koit gives the dying blaze
‘O wonder then! She lets
it not expire,
But lights it with her
The breath of love, that, warm
with quickening fire,
Wakes life from
‘Then hands stretch out,
and touch, and clasp on high,
to lip is pressed.
blushes tinge the midnight sky
Roman: FLORA. (Brewer, Dict.) “Flora’s Dial
… II. Dial of closing flowers … Midnight. Creeping Mallow and Late Dandelion”.
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